Anal Cancer Treatment

If the cancer is diagnosed in its early stages as a very small lump on the edge of the anus, surgical excision alone can also be an effective treatment for anal cancer without causing any significant damage to the anal sphincter muscles.

The most common treatment given for anal cancer is a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy (known as synchronous chemoradiotherapy).
If an anal cancer is particularly large a colostomy may be required before starting chemoradiotherapy treatment.
In some cases this can be reversed after the treatment has been completed.

If the chemoradiotherapy is not successful in eradicating the cancer, surgery may be required. The type of surgery needed depends upon the type and size of the cancer, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. This will often require surgery to remove the whole anus and a will result in a permanent colostomy.

Because anal cancer is rare the treatment has been concentrated to recognised highly specialist teams. The team at the Birmingham Bowel Clinic is a recognised designated team with over 10 years experience in treating the disease.

January 2016

What are the next steps?
If you think you have this condition or any of these symptoms
you will need to seek medical advice.
For more information or to make an appointment.
Contact birmingham bowel clinic on 0845 241 7762
or email
If you have private medical care or wish
to pay to see a consultant.
Take this factsheet along to your own
GP and request a referral to one
of our consultants
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