Proctitis is inflammation of the rectum which results in the discharge of blood, mucus and pus. It is similar to ulcerative colitis but proctitis only affects the rectum, whereas ulcerative colitis can affect the rest of the colon as well. Both men and women are equally be affected by ulcerative colitis and it is more common in white Europeans, and less common in people of Asian descent.
Proctitis can be a chronic condition with some patients being symptom free for long periods of time between flare-ups.
What causes proctitis?
As in ulcerative colitis it is believed that an abnormal immune response is responsible for development of proctitis. Proctitis is relatively uncommon in Asian populations compared with Europe and North America. This suggests that an environmental factor, such as diet, may also be important.
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Paul O'Brien. November 2011